"I’ve seen much beauty of this type on my earlier travels through southern Germany, Switzerland, Salzburg and Silesia, but I have never come across fabulous rock landscapes such as these." Carl Merkel, 1826
Geographically speaking, the Saxon-Bohemian Switzerland is not a mountainous region, but an erosion landscape of the Cretaceous period (about 100 million years ago). The once-compact layered panel (up to 600 m thick sand deposits) was heavily jagged by motions of the earth's crust and shaped by means of ablation forces over millions of years. The Elbe and its tributaries intersected and created a bizarre landscape of quader sandstone. Characteristic for the Saxon Switzerland are differences in altitude up to 450 m in a narrow space, characterized by majestic table mountains (stones), impressive rock formations, flatnesses, wild-romantic valleys and battles.
With the aim of preserving this wonderful nature and landscape in its entirety and ensuring its special recovery, Saxon Switzerland was declared a landscape protection area in 1956. An important part of this landscape conservation area (LSG) is the National Park Saxon Switzerland, founded in 1990. Its large forest and mountain areas, which still have characteristics of a natural landscape, are gradually left to their natural development.
On the Saxon side, the landscape conservation area and national park together form the Saxon Switzerland National Park Region.
Land Protection Area: 275 km²
National Park: 93,8 km² (consisting of two parts)
Core zone 21,6 km² (23 %)
Development and maintenance zone 72,2 km² (77 %)
Did you know...?
…that the famous Bastei Bridge was built in 1850/51 as a sandstone bridge; before it had been a wooden construction from 1826. It was the first building in Europe that was intended only as a tourist attraction.
…that in the Saxon-Bohemian Switzerland area were more than 56 rock castles, built in the 14th century.
… that you find one of the highest spruces of Europe in the ‘Kirnitzschklamm’ (54 m high, 4,5 m measure, 360 years old).
… that the name "Saxon Switzerland" was determined by two romantic era painters (Antonio Graff and Adrian Zing) They both were teachers at the Dresden Art Academy and crazy about that nearby lying Elbe Sandstone Mountains. Being reminded of the mountains in Switzerland they named this landscape Saxon Switzerland.
National park partner
Our Berghotel Bastei was solemnly awarded the certificate 'NationalparkPartner' on May 13th, 2009. Our hotel is uniquely situated in the very heart of the national park Saxon Switzerland. That is why, we feel especially committed to the nature and landscape of this region. We are committed to the preservation of nature, inform our guests comprehensively about the services offered by the National Park Administration and through our products and services we want to present you the Saxon Switzerland at the best. Since 2009, we repeat the certification every three years with annual reviews.
Further information can be found on the Website of the National Park Administration.
Regional products are among the peculiarities that our beautiful cultural landscape has to offer. The association "Landschaf(f)t Zukunft e.V." (LSZ) has developed a network for regional products of different producers in the region.
In our menu the dishes, which are mainly prepared with regional products, are marked with the "apple logo".